High purity titanium used in industrial field
1. Industrial high-purity titanium, a metallic element, gray. It belongs to rare metals and accounts for the seventh place in the earth's crust.
0.42% of them have metallic luster and it is malleable. Pure titanium and titanium-based alloys are new structural materials. Titanium will burn in pure oxygen at temperatures above 500 degrees Celsius or at temperatures above 1200 degrees Celsius, so containers made of titanium must not come into contact with open flames in contact with air and oxygen to avoid the burning of titanium. Titanium does not have the problem of low-temperature brittleness like ferritic steel. Titanium can be used as a cryogenic container with temperatures as low as -269 degrees. Titanium has high strength and light weight. Very fine titanium powder is a good fuel for rockets, so titanium is known as cosmic metal and space metal.
There are two main uses of titanium, one for aviation, navigation, military and other industries, and the other for the civilian industry. It is mainly used for its excellent corrosion resistance, and its main grade is industrial pure titanium. Titanium is very heat resistant and has a melting point of up to 1725°C. At room temperature, titanium can be safely lying in a variety of strong acid and alkali solution. Even the most ferocious acid-aqua regia, cannot corrode it. Titanium is not corroded in seawater. Someone once submerged a piece of titanium to the bottom of the sea. Five years later, he took a look. There were many small animals and submarine plants stuck on it, but there was no rust at all and it was still shining.
Titanium is non-toxic, light weight, high in strength and excellent in biocompatibility. It is an ideal medical metal material and can be used as an implant implanted in the human body. In the human body, it resists the corrosion of secretions and is non-toxic, adapting to any sterilization method. Therefore, it is widely used in the manufacture of medical equipment to make artificial hip joints, knee joints, shoulder joints, skulls, active heart valves, and bone fixation clips. When new muscle fibers are wrapped around these "titanium bones," these "titanium bones" begin to sustain the normal activities of the human body.
2 Product Identification and Manufacturers
Element Name: Titanium
Product Code: TA1
Supplier: Gaoya industrial area, BaoTai Avenue South, Gaoxin Technology Development Zone, Baoji, Shaanxi , China
3 material composition:
4 Dangers and Hazards
Note: This product is in the natural environment, does not volatilize, does not burn, does not have the poisonous attachment effect to the human body, but may directly contact with the human body, does not have the danger and the harm to the human body and the environment.
5. Use, transportation and storage
In the natural environment, the general acid, alkali and a good anti-corrosion effect. Only hydrofluoric acid, hot concentrated hydrochloric acid, concentrated sulfuric acid, etc. can have a corrosive effect on it.
Under certain conditions, titanium may generate combustion, explosion or stress corrosion with fuming nitric acid, dry chlorine, methanol, trichloroethylene, liquid nitrogen dinitrogen oxide, molten metal salt, carbon tetrachloride and other media. Therefore, pay attention to safety when using, transporting and storing.
6. Contact Control and Personal Protection
Due to its good biocompatibility and high stability, titanium does not produce any harmful effects on the human body and can be in direct contact with the human body without the need for special safety protection.
7 physical and chemical properties
Melting point 1660±10°C
Boiling point 3287 °C.
Density 4.5 g/cm
Atomic weight: 47.87
Elemental content in seawater: (ppm): 0.00048
The content of the element in the sun: (ppm): 4
Element Type: Metal
Number of protons in the nucleus: 22
Outer nuclear electrons: 22
Nuclear power number: 22
Proton quality: 3.6806E-26
Relative mass of protons: 22.154
Atomic volume: (cc/cm): 10.64
Crude content: (ppm): 5600
Belonging cycle: 4
Family to which you belong: IVB
Molar mass: 48
Highest oxide chemical formula: TiO2
Ionization energy (kJ/mol)
M - M+ 658
M+ - M2+ 1310
M2+ - M3+ 2652
M3+ - M4+ 4175
M4+ - M5+ 9573
M5+ - M6+ 11516
M6+ - M7+ 13590
M7+ - M8+ 16260
M8+ - M9+ 18640
M9+ - M10+ 20830
Peripheral electronic arrangement: 2 8 8 4
Nuclear electronic arrangement: 2,8,10,2
Crystal structure: The unit cell is a hexagonal unit cell.
a = 295.08 pm
b = 295.08 pm
c = 468.55 pm
α = 90°
β = 90°
γ = 120°
Mohs hardness: 6
Sound propagation speed in it: (m/S)5090
Color and Status: Silver Grey Metal
Atomic radius: 2
Common valence: +2, +3, +4
8 Material Stability and Activity
Titanium is a chemically more active metal. In the air and oxidative, neutral aqueous medium, the surface of the titanium oxide passivation film is easy to generate, so that the electrode potential of titanium is significantly positive shift, greatly improving the thermodynamic stability. When heated, it can work with non-metal such as O2, N2, H2, S, and halogen. However, at room temperature, a thin and dense oxide protective film is easily formed on the surface of titanium, which can resist the corrosive effect of strong acid or even aqua regia, and exhibits extremely strong corrosion resistance.
Nine Effects of Materials on Ecology
There is no report on the environmental impact of this product.
X Regulations and Standards
This product is fully in line with the European and American countries on the environmental protection testing standards, can be directly contact with the human body, will not produce harmful substances and injuries to humans
In the process of writing this document, we have taken all possible measures to ensure the correctness of its contents. However, on the one hand, the specific conditions for the use of products are beyond our control or we do not know. On the other hand, there are new developments and supplements in the research of materials. Therefore, we cannot bear all the consequences of using this product. The user should confirm the correct applicability of the product.